[35] The fruit is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes. Eggplants are low in calories, containing both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, particularly along with the peel. Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). A. T he eggplant is a fruit not a vegetable. In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). For maximum production, remove the eggplant fruit before they are fully mature to allow additional fruit to develop. Also, overmature eggplant fruit will become dull colored and often develop a bronze appearance. You can also use it in the baked form with tomato sauce and cheese. [36] Eggplant flesh is smooth. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial plant often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. [13] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish.[14]. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. However, since eggplants can be particularly susceptible to pests such as whiteflies, they are sometimes grown with slightly less susceptible plants, such as chili pepper, as a sacrificial trap crop. Learn all about this healthy fruit (yes, it's actually a fruit), why its good for you, how to begin using it at home, and of course some delicious recipes. Eggplant, or aubergine as it’s sometimes called, is a fruit that comes in a variety of shapes and colours, but the most common is the deep purple oval. “Friday,” probably, if you’ve been anywhere near a computer in the last few years. [citation needed] Colors vary from white to yellow or green, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple. An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. Traditional uses and benefits of African Eggplant. Also, they’re rich in potassium, manganese, phosphorus, vitamin C, K, and B and also have phytonutrients, including phenolic compounds, that make them bitter and turn eggplants brown in color after chopping. Many Americans know the fruit better as an eggplant, while some regions of India refer to it as a brinjal.There are numerous other regional names for the aubergine, which plays a role in the cuisine of many nations. Eggplant or aubergine is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. The fruit is slender but reasonably large. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. In 13th-century Italian traditional folklore, the eggplant can cause insanity. December 27, 2020 December 26, 2020 by Juhani. The first known written record of the plant is found in Qimin Yaoshu, an ancient Chinese agricultural treatise completed in 544 C.E. The eggplant, aubergine, melongene, brinjal or guinea squash is a plant of the family Solanaceae. One plant produces 4 to 6 large rounded fruit. Other Names: Aubergine, Brinjal Eggplant, Melongena, Baingan, Apple-of-love, Ggully bean, Pea apple, Susumber, Terong, and Guinea Squash. [10] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. Eggplant is a high-fiber, low-calorie fruit that's used in many dishes and boasts a host of potential health benefits. The Dravidian word was borrowed into the Indic languages, giving ancient forms such as Sanskrit and Pali vātiṅ-gaṇa (alongside Sanskrit vātigama) and Prakrit vāiṃaṇa. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). Eggplants are rich in antioxidants and nutrients that may lower the danger of many diseases. Eggplant parmigiana or eggplant Parmesan is one of the most popular and iconic vegetarian Italian dishes and this recipe is straight from Italy. The answer is–Eggplant is a fruit and also categorized as a berry in botanical terms, as it contains small edible seeds. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October The answer is–Eggplant is a fruit and also categorized as a berry in botanical terms, as it contains small edible seeds. Botanically, eggplant is a berry, just like blueberries, watermelon, or tomatoes. They are a fruit, even though we generally think of them as a vegetable. Also, eggplants contain oxalates, but in a lesser amount than many other fruits and vegetables like spinach, taro, rhubarb, and kiwi fruit. It’s a great source of dietary fibre and is in season in Victoria over summer and autumn. All things considered, they are one of my personal favorites to plant in my garden each year. Use a dome or cloche to retain heat as well as humidity to encourage germination when eggplant seed planting indoors.. At optimal conditions, the growing eggplant seeds should germinate within seven days. The fruit is slender but reasonably large. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial examination in Chinese mythology, "A Comparative Genetic Linkage Map of Eggplant (Solanum melongena) and Its Implications for Genome Evolution in the Solanaceae", "Patterns of Food Consumption in Early Modern Iran", Lost Crops of Africa, Volume II: Vegetables, "Eggplant, White — Solanum ovigerum Dun. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open. There are many plants with... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved. Chinese cultivars are commonly shaped like a narrower, slightly pendulous cucumber. Fruit is used as a laxative, and as a means to treat cardiac diseases in Nigeria. Individuals who are atopic (genetically predisposed to developing certain allergic hypersensitivity reactions) are more likely to have a reaction to eggplant, which may be because eggplant is high in histamines. S. violaceum of de Candolle applies to Linnaeus' S. aethiopicum. They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant")[38] or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures"). Even one of the following reasons can prevent your eggplants from producing fruit. It grows on a short bush where the berries sprout and hide beneath big leaves, hence the term “nightshade.” Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Eggplants are native to Asia and a member of the nightshade family, like tomatoes and peppers. Japanese eggplant may be ready to harvest when the size of a finger or hot dog. They contain folate, and it has been recommended for. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), also called aubergine or Guinea squash, tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (), grown for its edible fruits.Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Growing your own eggplant can provide you with delicious fruit throughout the summer and fall. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. When we say “eggplant,” you say…what? [31][32], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". LeBron reacts to presidential call by trolling Trump. Japanese eggplant may be ready to harvest when the size of a finger or hot dog. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. In other parts of the world, eggplants are known as aubergine or brinjal. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. brownii. [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). [11] The numerous Arabic and North African names for it, along with the lack of the ancient Greek and Roman names, indicate it was grown throughout the Mediterranean area by the Arabs in the early Middle Ages, who introduced it to Spain in the 8th century. In particular, it is a berry, according to Nutritional Facts. [31] This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. Flowers are chewed on to clean teeth. Eggplant is a fruit. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a member of the nightshade family and shares qualities with peppers and tomatoes. The eggplant, aubergine, melongene, brinjal, or guinea squash (Solanum melongena) is a plant of the family Solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus Solanum. If you’ve never grown a specific variety before, yellow could simply be the color of the fruit on your plant. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. Rinsing, draining, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Eggplant is a fruit and has uses as a vegetable in dishes, thanks to its savory taste in various cuisines. Eggplants are quite low in calories but high in fibre which is great to fill you up with the many versatile… Eggplant is very common in southern European countries and it is used in many traditional recipes; Greek - moussaka, French - ratatouille, Indian – baingan bharta, and Turkish - imam bayildi. When eggplant harvest time rolls around in your garden, regular harvesting is the key to high productivity. 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